Wednesday, June 15, 2022

Causes Of Gout In Feet

Gout Frequently Flares In Your Knee But You May Not Always Know That Your Knee Pain Is Due To Gout Heres How To Tell Since Prompt Treatment Can Reduce Your Risk Of Complications

Causes of severe foot pain with normal uric acid – Dr. Mohan M R

Knee pain can be a common symptom of several types of arthritis, as well as many other conditions or injuries. If your knee stiffness is accompanied by a burning pain and is warm to touch, you may have a gout flare in the knee.

Though gout is most often associated with the big toe, gout tends to flare in areas that already have arthritis, says Robert Keenan, MD, a rheumatologist with Articularis Healthcare in Summerville, South Carolina. Although gout can strike in many different joints, as a general rule, gout works its way up the body. If its not treated, it works its way up from the big toe, through the ankle, to the knee, and then to the lower spine and so on.

Gout can affect both knees, but typically is felt more strongly in one knee say, where you may have arthritis wear-and-tear to begin with.

Learn more about what causes gout in the knee, as well as ways to treat the pain and prevent it in the future.

Am I At Risk Of Having Gout

Youre more likely to have a gout attack if you:

  • are male
  • have a family history of gout
  • have elevated levels of uric acid in the blood
  • drink too much alcohol
  • eat a diet high in purines such as meat, sweetbreads, offal, shellfish, and fructose
  • are overweight or obese
  • use diuretics
  • have type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure or high cholesterol these conditions can mean that your kidneys are less able to flush out the urates
  • have kidney disease

What Causes Foot Gout

We already know what causes gout. But youre probably wondering why the foot is the most impacted part of the body.

First is the fact that the feet have the lowest temperature in the body. It is furthest from the heart resulting in poor circulation in that area. Uric acid dilutes poorly in low-temperature levels making it easy to reproduce and create new crystals that build up.

Second, the feet are also an easy target for physical trauma. Your feet are the most used part of the body and therefore are at more risk of injury.

Recommended Reading: How To Treat Gout In Toe

What Can Increase Your Risk

A high level of uric acid in the blood is the main factor that increases your risk of developing gout. However, it’s still uncertain why some people with a high level of uric acid in the blood develop gout, while others with an equally high level don’t.

Other factors that may increase your risk of developing gout are outlined below.

What Can Trigger A Gout Attack

Gout : causes , symptoms , diagnosis &  physiotherapy treatment

Several things can cause the crystals to shake loose into your joint cavity, triggering an attack. These include:

  • a knock or injury to the joint
  • an illness that may make you feverish
  • having an operation
  • having an unusually large meal, especially a fatty meal
  • drinking too much alcohol
  • dehydration
  • starting urate lowering therapy, especially at a high dose, or not taking your treatment regularly each day.

    Recommended Reading: Best Diet To Avoid Gout

    What Else Should I Ask My Healthcare Provider About Gout

    Consider asking your healthcare provider:

    • What is causing the gout?
    • Do I have any joint damage?
    • What can I do to prevent future attacks?
    • Can any gout medications help me?
    • How long will I need to take gout medications?

    A note from Cleveland Clinic

    Gout is a painful form of arthritis. Extra uric acid in your body creates sharp crystals in the joints, leading to swelling and extreme tenderness. Gout usually starts in the big toe but can affect other joints. Gout is a treatable condition, and the uric acid level can be decreased by medication and lifestyle changes. Talk to your healthcare provider about medications that can reduce uric acid levels. They can also discuss changes you can make to your diet and lifestyle to prevent and reduce gout attacks.

    Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 11/15/2020.

    References

    Lifestyle Changes To Help Foot Gout

    Treating foot gout in the long-term requires a combination of lifestyle changes and medications. After you have taken the right medication to treat your gout flare and manage uric acid levels, you should be taking steps to correct your lifestyle. Theres only so much pills can do so its important to accompany it with habits that support your condition.

    Start with your weight. You probably have gout because you are overweight or obese. You want to lose the excess fat since that contributes to the strain you feel on your feet. Exercising regularly and cutting back on food intake can significantly help with your goal of losing weight.

    Only go for real whole foods and avoid items that trigger your gout such as processed foods. I recommend the 80-10-10 diet where 80 percent of your daily calories consists of complex carbohydrates, 10 percent as protein and the final 10 percent as fat.

    Its important that you learn how your body reacts to each food item as every person has a different physiology. What may trigger an attack on you may do nothing for the other person. Start by eliminating common culprits such as sugar, alcohol, seafood, and organ meats.

    You may need to keep a diary to track your food and medication. That way whenever you have a gout attack in your foot, you can trace back what you ate and learn what caused the trigger.

    Recommended Reading: What Foods Should You Avoid If You Have Gout

    First Foods That Can Help

    • There are actually several types of foods that may help protect against gout attacks. These include low-fat dairy foods, complex carbohydrates, coffee, and fruits, especially citrus fruits. You should also be sure to get 12 to 16 cups of fluid daily.
    • You don’t necessarily have to drink only wateryou can choose non-sweetened juice, tea, and coffee too.
    • Any kind of fluid that keeps that blood flowing and urine flowing is a good choice, says Lona Sandon, PhD, RDN, an assistant professor of clinical nutrition at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas.

    Next up: The foods to avoid. Read on for a list of potentially problematic eats.

    Scallops are okay for an occasional indulgence, but you should cut back on themand all types of meat and seafoodduring a flare-up, says Sandon. These animal foods are rich in purines, which your body breaks down into uric acid.

    You have a little more freedom in your food choices when your gout is at bay, but its still a good idea to keep meat and seafood intake to a minimum4 to 6 ounces daily at most.

    All meat is not created equal when it comes to purine content: White meat is generally better than red.

    But it is okay to eat some types of red meat once in a while. Youre a bit better off if your occasional indulgence is beef or pork rather than lamb, says Dr. Zashin.

    And lamb chops are a better choice than leg meat.

    Organ meats, such as liver, kidneys, and sweetbreads, are a major no-no.

    What Are Symptoms Of Gout

    Gouty Arthritis in Foot and Ankle – Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

    The large joint at the base of the big toe is the most common site for a gout attack, however, any other joint can be affected. Most commonly, other joints affected are the ankles, knees, wrists, fingers, and elbows.

    Patients with gout attacks suffer a rapid onset of pain in the affected joint followed by swelling, redness, and severe tenderness. Some experience pain so intense that even the light touch of a bed sheet on the joint is excruciating. These painful attacks can last from hours to several days. In cases of chronic inflammation, the attack may last for weeks. Unfortunately, patients with gout are at risk for repeated attacks of gouty arthritis.

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    How Do I Know If Its Gout Or Something Else

    There are many other conditions that affect the big toe joint, as well as other joints in the feet, that cause redness, swelling and pain so this is a great question. Other common causes of pain in this joint include:

    • Other arthritis like rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis or septic arthritis
    • Trauma to the big toe joint

    A key characteristic of gout is that it presents in painful flares although other inflammatory arthritides do too. The only definitive way to know is to come in for an assessment and diagnosis. At My FootDr, well conduct a comprehensive assessment, review your history, and rule out the other possible causes of joint pain. If we suspect you have gout, well refer you appropriately, while setting to work in helping to relieve your painful symptoms by reducing pressure away from the affected joints.

    Book your appointment with us online here or call us on .

    Causes Of Gout In Feet

    Content

    News & World Reports rankings of the top hospitals in the country for orthopaedics. Colchicine can reduce inflammation and pain if you take it within 24 hours of a gout attack. Some people have gout attacks frequently, while others go years between episodes. If gout isnt treated, attacks may become more frequent and last longer.

    This occurs when the ligaments are stretched beyond their limits. Peripheral artery disease can potentially lead to poor circulation in the lower extremities. PAD is a condition that causes the blood vessels and arteries to narrow. In a linked condition called atherosclerosis, the arteries stiffen up due to a buildup of plaque in the arteries and blood vessels. These two conditions can cause a decrease in the amount of blood that flows to your extremities, therefore resulting in pain.

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    What Is Hashimotos Disease? Hashimotos disease is a disease that affects the thyroid gland and could damage the thyroid function another name for it is Hashimotos Thyroiditis. Hashimoto disease is an autoimmune disorder, and it is a condition in which the immune system attacks a small gland at the base …

    The Role Of Diet In Gout Prevention

    Gout

    Dietary control may be sufficient in a patient with mildly elevated uric acid, for example, 7.0 mg/dL

    For those with a higher level, for example, 10.0 mg/dL, diet alone will not usually prevent gout. For the latter, even a very strict diet only reduces the blood uric acid by about 1 mg/dL- not enough, in general, to keep uric acid from precipitating in the joints. The cutoff where patients with gout seem to dramatically reduce their number of attacks is when their uric acid level is taken below 6.0 mg/dL.4

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    How Do I Know If I Have Gout

    The symptoms and signs of gout are usually acute, they appear suddenly without warning. A lot of the time the attack will occur at night. There are many symptoms of gout:

    • Sharp, severe pain in the joints: This pain can be experienced in the hands, wrists, ankles, knees or feet. The big toe is most commonly affected. Sometimes patients describe the area as being warm or hot. Inflammation can also occur.
    • Gradual decrease in pain: This type of arthritis can last for over a week if its untreated, then usually goes away within the next week or two.
    • Peeling, itchy skin: As gout gradually subsides, the skin near the affected area may begin to itch and peel.
    • Inflammation and redness: Gout usually causes tender, swollen and red joints in the area thats experiencing the most pain.
    • Purplish or red colored skin: This may cause the patient to think he or she has an infection.
    • Fever: In some cases, gout can cause body temperature to elevate.
    • Decrease in flexibility: The joint affected could feel harder to use, or have limited movement.

    Which Joints Are Involved In Gouty Arthritis And Why Is It Most Common In The Foot

    As with all other known types of arthritis, Gout has particular joints it tends to attack, and the foot is its most common location. Gout especially favors the bunion joint, known as the first metatarsophalangeal joint , but the ankle, midfoot and knee are also common locations, as is the bursa that overlies the elbow.

    The bunion joint is the first joint involved in 75% of patients and is ultimately involved in over 90% of those with this condition. . It is thought that this joint is especially involved in gout because it is the joint that receives the highest pounds per square inch of pressure when walking or running.

    Late in gout, if untreated, multiple joints can be involved, including the fingers and wrists. The shoulder joint is very rarely involved by gout and the same is true of the hip.

    Figure 5: Location of Gout Attacks

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    When To See A Doctor

    Gout occurs without warning. Anyone experiencing intense pain on the big toe, followed by warmth, tenderness, redness or discoloration, should immediately seek medical attention.

    If a person does not receive treatment for gout, it can lead to joint damage over time, including bone erosions and arthritis.

    When Is Surgery Considered For Gout

    Pain and Swelling in Your Feet? Could Be a Gout Attack

    The question of surgery for gout most commonly comes up when a patient has a large clump of urate crystals , which is causing problems. This may be if the tophus is on the bottom of the foot, and the person has difficulty walking on it, or on the side of the foot making it hard to wear shoes. An especially difficult problem is when the urate crystals inside the tophus break out to the skin surface. This then can allow bacteria a point of entry, which can lead to infection, which could even track back to the bone. Whenever possible, however, we try to avoid surgery to remove tophi. The problem is that the crystals are often extensive, and track back to the bone, so there is not a good healing surface once the tophus is removed. In some rare cases, such as when a tophus is infected or when its location is causing major disability, surgical removal may be considered.

    Since it is hard to heal the skin after a tophus is removed, a skin graft may be needed. For this reason, we often try hard to manage the tophus medically. If we give high doses of medication to lower the urate level, such as allopurinol, over time the tophus will gradually reabsorb. In severe cases, we may consider using the intravenous medication pegloticase , since it lowers the urate level the most dramatically, and can lead to the fastest shrinkage of the tophus.

    Read Also: Are Eggs Bad For Gout

    The Pathology Of Gout

    Gout is primarily a metabolic disorder in which uric acid accumulates in blood and tissues. When tissue levels reach saturation, needle-like crystals form, causing inflammation. This occurs most commonly in the cooler joints, notably the metatarsophalangeal joint of the big toe.

    Many people with hyperuricemia never develop gout, but those with the highest levels are most likely to suffer episodes. Hyperuricemia may also lead to kidney stones.

    What To Do During An Attack

    You should:

    • take any medication you’ve been prescribed as early as possible after you notice an attack this should start to have an effect within two or three days
    • rest and raise the limb
    • avoid knocking or damaging the affected joint
    • keep the joint cool remove surrounding clothing and apply an ice pack, such as a bag of frozen peas wrapped in a towel
    • ensure you’re well hydrated

    Apply the ice pack to your joint for around 20 minutes. Don’t apply ice directly to your skin and don’t apply it for more than 20 minutes at a time because this could damage the skin.

    If necessary, you can keep reapplying an ice pack to your skin during an attack, but you should wait until your skin has returned to a normal temperature first.

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    Gout In Foot: Causes And Risk Factors

    In about 90 percent of hyperuricaemia cases, there is impaired renal excretion in about 10 percent, there is a problem with overproduction.

    • Urate overproduction can be linked to lifestyle factors and certain diseases such as bone marrow cancers, psoriasis, and hemolytic anemia. Lifestyle factors include being overweight and ingesting excess amount of fructose or alcohol.
    • Renal impairment has multiple causes, including gene mutations, hypertension, diuretic drugs, lead exposure, and cyclosporine immunosuppressive therapy.
    • Gender and age. Men are twice as likely to develop gout as women. In men, the risk rises with age. Gout is uncommon in younger women but the incidence increases dramatically after menopause, due to falling estrogen.
    • Western diet. There is solid evidence from the Health Professional Follow-up Study of a link between gout and purine-rich foods. See gout diet.
    • Medications. Diuretics, antihypertensives, niacin, aspirin, chemotherapy and immunosuppressive drugs increase the risk of gout.
    • Other conditions. Certain conditions carry an increased risk of gout including: Recent joint injury or surgery, cardiovascular disease, chronic pulmonary disease, anemia, psoriasis, renal disease, blood cancers, and metabolic syndrome.

    Risk Factors And Potential Causes Of Gout

    How Gout Affects Your Feet

    Gout strikes men more often than women until women undergo menopause, and then women experience increased risk. Being overweight or obese, having recent surgery, and experiencing a trauma also increase your risk, as well as your family history.

    Your body produces uric acid when it breaks down purines a substance found naturally in your body, and also in high-protein red meat, organ meat, and certain types of seafood. In addition, alcoholic drinks, beer, and beverages sweetened with fructose can raise your natural uric acid levels. When your body either creates too much uric acid or excretes too little, it can lead to gout. Hundreds of years ago, gout was called the disease of kings because the average peasant couldnt afford such rich food and drink.

    Medical conditions like untreated high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, and kidney disease can also increase your chances of developing gout, as does taking certain medications, such as thiazide diuretics and low-dose aspirin.

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