Friday, December 2, 2022

Can Gout Cause Swelling In Foot

Leading A Gout Free Life

Foot and Ankle Swelling

In order to avoid gout attacks, your gout physician may prescribe a medication to reduce the buildup of uric acid in your blood. In most cases patients take this medicine for their entire life, but there are things that you can do reduce the chances of needing a lifetime of medication. Pay special attention to what you eat. This can help you manage the buildup and uric acid and reduce the frequency and duration of your gout attacks. Eating appropriate amounts of a healthy variety of foods to keep your weight under control and to get the nutrition you need. Try to avoid frequent or daily meals consisting of meat, seafood, and alcohol. As always you should drink plenty of fluids, especially water.

What Are The Causes And Triggers Of Gout In The Ankle

The buildup of uric acid in the body is known as hyperuricemia. Your body produces uric acid when it breaks down purines. These are compounds found in all your cells. You can also find purines in several types of food, especially red meat and some seafood, as well as alcohol and some sugar-sweetened drinks.

Usually, uric acid passes through your kidneys, which help to eliminate extra uric acid in your urine. But sometimes theres too much uric acid for your kidneys to handle. In other cases, the kidneys cant process a typical amount of uric acid due to an underlying condition.

As a result, more uric acid circulates throughout your body, ending up in your ankle as uric acid crystals.

4 percent of adults in the United States. It tends to be more common in men because women usually have lower levels of uric acid. But after menopause, women start to have higher uric acid levels. As a result, women tend to develop gout at an older age than men do.

Experts arent sure why some people produce more uric acid or have trouble processing it. But theres evidence that the condition is often genetic.

Other things that may increase your risk of developing gout include:

  • consuming a lot of high-purine foods
  • consuming foods and drinks, especially alcohol, that increase uric acid production
  • being overweight

How You Can Manage And Prevent Foot Gout

Regardless of whether you have ever suffered from gout, you should know that managing the condition is not as simple as taking medication during a flare-up. You should talk with your healthcare provider about your lifestyle, diet, and overall health.

You may need to make changes in your lifestyle to prevent recurrence. You should always keep personal records of gout attacks to discuss with your doctor.

Exercising, eating healthy, maintaining an average weight, and avoiding things that increase your uric acid levels are all essential to preventing and managing gout.

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Southern Cross Medical Library

The purpose of the Southern Cross Medical Library is to provide information of a general nature to help you better understand certain medical conditions. Always seek specific medical advice for treatment appropriate to you. This information is not intended to relate specifically to insurance or healthcare services provided by Southern Cross. For more articles go to the Medical Library index page.

Can It Lead To Any Complications

What Causes Gout In The Foot?  My FootDr

If left unmanaged, gout-related inflammation can cause permanent damage to your ankle joint, especially if you have frequent flare-ups.

Over time, lumps of uric acid crystals, called tophi, can also form around your ankle. These lumps arent painful, but they can cause additional swelling and tenderness during a flare-up.

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How Will Gout Affect Me

Attacks can vary from person to person. Some people only have an attack every few years, while others have attacks every few months.

Without medication attacks tend to happen more often and other joints can become affected.

Having high urate levels and gout for a long time can lead to other health problems, including:

  • narrowing of the arteries – which can lead to an increased risk of stroke or heart attacks or other heart problems
  • osteoarthritis, which occurs when the urate crystals and hard tophi cause joint damage.
  • an increased risk of developing kidney disease or worsening of the condition if you already have it
  • kidney stones
  • an increased risk of some cancers, especially prostate cancer
  • mental health problems, including depression
  • underactive thyroid
  • erectile dysfunction in men.

If you take medication to lower your urate levels, and have a healthy diet and lifestyle, most of the damage and complications caused by gout can be stopped.

Treatments for gout are incredibly successful. There are two main parts to treating gout, which are:

  • treating the acute attack
  • treatments to prevent future attacks.

Medications For Acute Gout

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents and COX-2 inhibitors are the mainstay of therapy of acute attacks of gout in patients who have no contra-indication to them. These medications include such agents as naproxen , ibuprofen , celecoxib , indomethacin and many others. These agents reliably decrease the inflammation and pain of gout. However, patients with ulcers, hypertension, coronary disease, and fluid retention must be careful with these agents, even for the short courses needed to resolve a gout attack. The doses of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents needed to resolve a gout attack are on the higher side, since full anti-inflammatory effect is needed. See examples of dosage in Table 2. Over-the-counter dosage levels, for example, ibuprofen at 200mg, two tabs three times a day, are often insufficient.
  • Corticosteroids, such as prednisone and methylprednisolone , are anti-inflammatory agents that are quite effective against gout attacks. Anti-inflammatory steroids are very different in action and side-effects as compared to male hormone steroids. Anti-inflammatory steroids have long-term risks, such as bone thinning and infection, but their risk for short-term therapy is relatively low. These agents can raise blood pressure and blood sugar, so can be a problem for those with uncontrolled hypertension or uncontrolled diabetes mellitus.
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    The Role Of Physical Activity In Prevention Of Gout

    Along with diet, physical activity can help with weight loss, and gout has been associated with being overweight.7 in patients with well-established gout, especially if X-rays have demonstrated joint damage in the foot, a low-impact exercise program is reasonable. An exercise program combined with diet in gout can reduce risk for attacks.7 If an attack seems to be coming on in the lower extremity, patients are well-advised to try to get off their feet, since impact seems to worsen gout attacks. Clues to an attack of gout coming on include local swelling, heat, redness, and tenderness in a joint, especially in the foot, ankle, or knee. Some patients have fever and chills as the first warning that an attack of gout is coming on.

    Effective Medical Treatment For Gout

    Pain and Swelling in Your Feet? Could Be a Gout Attack

    The American College of Rheumatology released gout management guidelines in 2012 and updated them in 2020. They recommend drugs classified as urate-lowering therapy for those who have experienced two or more gout attacks in a year as well as for those with joint damage from gout.

    Specifically, the organization recommends allopurinol as a first-line treatment for all gout patients, even those with chronic kidney disease. Next in line is febuxostat both are a class of drugs called xanthine oxidase inhibitors.

    In addition, the guidelines recommend use of anti-inflammatory medications including NSAIDs, prednisone, or colchicine along with the other medication.

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    The End Of Gout Your Ultimate Beginners Approach

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    Who Should Diagnose And Treat Gout

    The disease should be diagnosed and treated by a doctor or a team of doctors who specialize in care of gout patients. This is important because the signs and symptoms of gout are not specific and can look like signs and symptoms of other inflammatory diseases. Doctors who specialize in gout and other forms of arthritis are called rheumatologists. To find a provider near you, visit the database of rheumatologistsexternal icon on the American College of Rheumatology website. Once a rheumatologist has diagnosed and effectively treated your gout, a primary care provider can usually track your condition and help you manage your gout.

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    Diagnostic Evaluation Of Gout In Foot

    What goes into a gout diagnosis? These procedures are options:

    • Joint aspiration. Fluid is withdrawn from the joint and inspected for crystals and bacteria.
    • Blood tests. White blood cell count, ESR , triglycerides, and kidney function may be elevated.
    • X-ray. An x-ray of the affected joint is likely to appear normal during an initial acute episode, but in chronic gout, bone erosion and overhanging edges may be seen.

    Treating And Preventing Gout Pain

    Gout : causes , symptoms , diagnosis &  physiotherapy treatment

    Gout pain is generally treated in two ways:

    • Medications to relieve gout attacks in the short-term
    • Preventive medications taken regularly to lower uric acid and stop gout attacks from occurring

    While inflammation-fighting drugs are used to relieve pain during gout flares, different medicines are used to lower uric acid levels to prevent future attacks. These include:

    • Allopurinol
    • Probenecid

    Another medication called pegloticase may be recommended for people with chronic gout who have not responded to other uric acid-lowering medication.

    While many people with gout can be treated by their primary care physician, if gout is not responding to medication or is progressing with worsening or frequent flares or developing tophi gout deposits, then your primary care physician may refer you to see a rheumatologist who specializes in treating diseases that affect joints, muscles, bones and the immune system.

    Taking medication to reduce uric acid levels and reduce the risk of gout progression is important, Dr. FitzGerald stresses. If you have risk factors for bad gout, such as kidney disease, or are experiencing frequent attacks, early treatment is better.

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    What To Do For Swollen Feet From Gout: What You Need To Know

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    Get Medical Attention For Sudden Swelling

    In many cases, the cause of swelling is something that requires medical attention. For example, you could have an infection or injury. If the swelling occurs suddenly, seek medical care right away.

    Some of the most common conditions that can cause foot or ankle swelling include the following:

    • Trauma
    • Medications

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    Ankle Swelling And Pain Relief

    Here are some solutions you can try for pain relief.

    • Epsom Salts
    • Soaking your feet in a bowl of a water and Epsom salt mixture can help to relax the affected area. It provides a soothing relief over the swelling allowing you mobility and relief from the pain and inflammation.

    • Ice or Heat
    • Using the R.I.C.E. method can be helpful for gout and non-gout related ankle swelling. Keeping off your feet and minimizing strenuous activity will help your body in dealing with the pain. A cold compress, if applied right away can prevent or minimize swelling. Applying the cold pack for 10 to 20 minutes 3 times will help to reduce the swelling. After 48 to 72 hours, if the swelling has subsided, apply heat to the affected area to help with the pain. Be sure to never apply ice or heat directly to the skin, place a towel between the cold or hot packs and your skin to prevent injury. Compressing, or wrapping the injured area will help with swelling. Be careful not to wrap the area too tightly or you can cause further swelling. Finally, elevate the injured area on pillows while apply heat and anytime you are sitting or lying down. Keeping the injured area above heart level will minimize swelling.

    Proper diagnosis of your ankle swelling is an important step in finding the proper treatment and relief. Visit a doctor if your swelling does not subside within 24 to 48 hours and the pain increases so that they can make a proper assessment and help you get on the path to recovery.

    Learn About Gout

    What Else Should I Ask My Healthcare Provider About Gout

    How to Recognize Gout Symptoms | Foot Care

    Consider asking your healthcare provider:

    • What is causing the gout?
    • Do I have any joint damage?
    • What can I do to prevent future attacks?
    • Can any gout medications help me?
    • How long will I need to take gout medications?

    A note from Cleveland Clinic

    Gout is a painful form of arthritis. Extra uric acid in your body creates sharp crystals in the joints, leading to swelling and extreme tenderness. Gout usually starts in the big toe but can affect other joints. Gout is a treatable condition, and the uric acid level can be decreased by medication and lifestyle changes. Talk to your healthcare provider about medications that can reduce uric acid levels. They can also discuss changes you can make to your diet and lifestyle to prevent and reduce gout attacks.

    Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 11/15/2020.

    References

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    Why Do I Have Gout

    Gout is caused by a build-up of uric acid in your blood, a condition called hyperuricemia. When a persons uric acid levels rise, so does the risk of a gout flare-up.

    Uric acid is always present in our blood, and it is eliminated when we urinate. When someone has gout, the uric acid builds up and crystallizes within the joints.

    Foot gout can also be attributed to heredity. The National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases conducted a study showing that 18 percent of people who develop gout have a family history of the condition.

    Numerous other medical conditions also increase the risk of developing gout. These conditions include:

    • Diabetes

    Other risk factors for developing gout include:

    • Alcohol consumption
    • Consumption of foods rich in purine
    • Exposure to lead in the environment
    • Being male
    • Medication

    When you drink alcohol, you increase the concentration of uric acid in your body. When this happens, you increase your risk of developing gout. Abusing alcohol can also affect other parts of your body, including your kidneys, which are responsible for eliminating uric acid.

    Certain medications such as aspirin, diuretics, and levodopa can also interfere with your bodys ability to remove uric acid, causing a build-up.

    Preventing And Treating Gout

    When you first come to AllCare Foot & Ankle Center with gout symptoms, we conduct a thorough examination to determine the best course of treatment. We typically prescribe nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications to help control symptoms and prevent further joint damage.

    If youve already had or continue to have multiple gout attacks, it can lead to a variety of health complications, including the erosion and destruction of your toe joint and the development of kidney stones. This is why preventing future gout attacks is essential for your overall health and wellness, not just for relieving the pain in your toe.

    We recommend the following to help prevent future gout flare ups:

    • Drink plenty of fluids
    • Limit or avoid alcoholic drinks
    • Reduce meat, poultry, and seafood in your diet
    • Consume more low-fat dairy products for protein
    • Lose weight, if necessary

    The common symptoms of gout arent something you should ignore, and we can help you get it under control. Give us a call at our Arlington or Dallas offices, or request an appointment online today.

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    Gout Attack Vs Chronic Gout

    It is possible to have a gout flare-up and never experience another. Repeated instances of acute gout are called chronic gout17.

    The treatment goals for a gout attack are different than those for chronic gout. When treating a gout attack, the goal is to relieve pain and inflammation. When treating chronic gout, the goal is to prevent future gout attacks and long-term joint damage.

    While some people with chronic gout may get frequent gout attacks, others may have years in between attacks. If chronic gout is not treated, attacks may become more frequent and/or last longer.

    Left untreated, a gout attack will usually resolve itself within a few days or weeks. Chronic gout can permanently damage a joints tissues and decrease its range of motion. For this reason, it is important to recognize symptoms, understand risk factors, get an accurate diagnosis, and treat and prevent gout.

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